Academic Writing: Should You Ever Write for an Essay Mill?

14 Mar 2022 | Freelancing

This post was originally published in January 2019 and updated in March 2022.

Whether you’re a freelancer or a recent student, you’ve probably come across sites that sell essays to university students.

These are colloquially known as “essay mills”.

Briefly, in about 2008, I ran a blog about student life, and I was constantly approached by this type of site, wanting to advertise. Since then, on Aliventures, I’ve been approached by plenty of essay mills wanting to provide me a guest post (of dubious quality) in return for a backlink.

As a freelancer, I know that these sites are a market for writers, too – often desperate writers. And I’ve come across plenty of job ads for writers willing to write academic essays.

Now, I’m generally happy to agree to disagree with other writers. I can see that some people might like or value types of writing that I, personally, don’t regard so highly.

But essay mills are a step too far.

So I’m coming out firmly on this and saying you should not write for an essay mill, ever, or buy from one.

They’re no better than scams.

Are Essay Mills Illegal?

In the US, yes. In the UK, not yet, but they will be soon, under new government legislation. Currently, UK essay mills are often shockingly blatant about what they offer:

Oh God, I wish someone could write my essay for me and I could just hand it in tomorrow to score a 1st. If you have similar thoughts, take instant advantage of our 20% Discount NOW …


With PhD qualifications and years of experience in the domain of philosophy, our experts will make your essay outshine. From writing, editing to proofreading the essay towards perfection, we will handle it all.


In the US, essay mills invariably lie about their purpose, saying things like:

It is true that submitting plagiarized writing is dishonest. We provide our services for MODEL writing only. We are not encouraging you to submit our essays as your own. However, there might be circumstances that call for buying an essay or a piece of writing. Thus, you can become more productive and your work more efficient. (


The services we provide are not prohibited by any colleges or universities and are LEGAL.
Use the paper you get from us to: Learn more about your topic; Write the paper yourself using our sample as a mockup; Apply referencing and paraphrasing; Cite our paper directly with correct references.


However, even with sites that have these false disclaimers, it’s obvious from the testimonials and the language elsewhere that students will be buying essays to sell.

After all, who would pay $100 or more for an example essay to simply learn from? If you want a sample to help you understand what your teachers or examiners are looking for, there are dozens of better ways to get one. (Like asking the lecturer or seminar tutor, or asking for a sample essay from someone in the year above you.)

And if this is just a sample essay, why would it need to be 100% plagiarism-free? Who cares – you’re not going to be handing it in, are you?

But that’s what this is all about: students buying essays to pass off as their own work.

This is little better than copying off the person sitting next to you in an exam.

I’d be willing to bet good money that the majority of purchased essays are simply submitted without a word changed. Perhaps some get a quick going-over by students wanting to make sure the writing reads like their own … but frankly, I can’t imagine that most students engaging in this sort of chicanery are smart enough to even bother with that.

Why Writers Are Responsible, Too

So why do writers bear moral culpability here? After all, if the student wants to do something immoral (submit someone else’s work as their own), why’s that the writer’s fault?

Perhaps they provided the essay for the ostensible purpose of being a “sample” to learn from. But I’d argue that anyone working for an essay mill knows exactly what the customers are buying those essays for.

I believe that, as writers, we have moral responsibility for our work.

If we write something knowingly and deliberately false, and it causes harm, that’s on us.

If we use our talents to serve an immoral cause – writing a guide on “how to cover up fraud”, for instance – and crimes are committed as a result, that’s on us.

And if we write for dodgy essay mills, and a student achieves a result they didn’t deserve (or is thrown off their course for plagiarising), that’s on us, too.

This isn’t to say that the other people in these scenarios don’t bear any responsibility too. Of course they do. But we can’t dodge it either.

Writing for Essay Mills Isn’t the Same as Ghostwriting

Some writers – or essay mill owners, or students – might argue that if you write an essay that someone slaps their own name on, you’re essentially providing ghostwriting services.

I’d – vehemently! – disagree.

I am a ghostwriter. Over the past few years, ghostwriting has become a larger and larger proportion of my freelancing, where I write for clients who publish my work under their own byline.

This is a normal, legitimate, business practice. My clients, quite reasonably, don’t tend to tell people that they’re using a ghostwriter – but equally, they’re not going out there saying “I promise that this is all my own work and I deserve a recognised qualification for it” – which is the promise that a student makes with every essay they hand in.

Writing for Essay Mills Isn’t the Same as Editing

Let’s clear up another potential misconception: that writing someone’s essay for them is not very many steps removed from editing the work they have produced by themself.

Let’s say you’re a student. You write an essay, and you ask a classmate to look over it for you. They suggest a couple of paragraphs where your thinking could have been clearer. You also ask your tutor to look at your finished draft. They point out that you haven’t drawn a clear conclusion, and that your referencing is haphazard at best. You revise the essay, fix your references – and gain a slightly higher mark than you otherwise would.

This isn’t cheating: this is learning.

It’s normal and expected in academic life that you’ll receive feedback on what you write – you don’t have to hand in a rough draft that no-one but you has ever set eyes on.

But let’s be clear: getting someone’s opinion on what you’ve written, and making adjustments accordingly, is a very long way away from asking them to write it for you.

If your friend was to, say, rewrite the essay for you line by line and add in their own ideas, better references, and so on, that would be the point at which the essay would stop being your own work.

Essay Mills Often Provide Terrible Essays

Between 2003 – 2006, I was an undergraduate student at the University of Cambridge, studying English Literature. We had short, intense terms: I’d write at least a 1,500 word essay a week for eight weeks running.

Unsurprisingly, I developed a solid system for writing essays. From research to finished draft, my essays took me around six hours each.

I currently charge $100/hour for freelance work. Even if I dropped my hourly rate to just half that, at $50/hour, that’d be $300 for a 1,500 word essay.

Can you see why paying $100, or even less, for an essay is not going to get you something that’s particularly good?

Cheap essay mills won’t provide high-quality essays, because writers who can actually write well won’t work for them. (The fee you pay doesn’t all go to the writer, remember.) They’ll find a better-paid job.

Many students who’ve used these services report receiving essays that were of shockingly poor quality – far worse than they could have written on their own.

Essay Mills Might Well Screw You Over as a Writer

For a moment, I want to stop thinking about essay writers and essay buyers and focus on the middle man: the owners of essay mills.

Who are these people? I think it would be reasonable to hazard a guess that they’re not exactly the most principled individuals.

They’re running a business – making money, potentially quite a lot of – by helping students to cheat.

Do you really trust that they’re going to pay you in full, on time, every month?

Personally, I wouldn’t! They’ve already shown, by dint of the business that they run, that they’re unscrupulous.

And what if their site ends up falling foul of laws? There are already calls for such sites to be made illegal in the UK. The site you’re writing for might disappear overnight – taking your money with them.

What if You’re Desperate?

Can I imagine a circumstance under which I’d write for an essay mill?

Sure. I’m a writer: I can imagine a lot of things. 😉

So here’s the scenario. Let’s imagine all my other freelancing gigs have fallen through, and I’m at the point where I’m going to be unable to feed my kids. There’s absolutely no freelancing work available to me at all, except writing for essay mills.

Under those circumstances, honestly, I’d put my moral qualms aside and go for it.

But in reality, I can’t see any reason why any writer needs to write for an essay mill. There are plenty of other types of freelancing work out there – work you can be proud of. If you’re struggling, Carol Tice’s site Make a Living Writing is packed with good advice.

Here’s My Final Word on Essay Mills

If you’re a freelancer, don’t write for essay mills: if no-one did, they’d all go out of business within days.

If you’re a student, don’t buy from essay mills: it’s a waste of your money. If you’re struggling with your course requirements, please talk to your tutor. If you’re worried about your essay writing skills, get help from your university – there’ll be a course or class that can help.

I’m open to hearing other opinions on this, though. If you’ve written for essay mills, and you feel that I’m missing something, feel free to share in the comments!


I’m Ali Luke, and I live in Leeds in the UK with my husband and two children.

Aliventures is where I help you master the art, craft and business of writing.

My Novels

My contemporary fantasy trilogy is available from Amazon. The books follow on from one another, so read Lycopolis first.

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  1. Michael Biller

    Awesome post! I agree with every word. I would rather not write then to see my work used by or for lazy students. Sadly, it seems our way of thinking is not the norm. Here in the United States cheating is a way of life. That is not a goal someone should want attain but it is so prevalent that it’s viewed as no big deal. It almost seems that ‘getting over on someone’ is the American way. I think it stinks. Thank you for putting forth truth. Hopefully, personal integrity will again have meaning over here on the other side of the pond. Until that happens, my bet is that American students will make up a large percentage of the customers that shop the UK essay mills. Some of our teachers are as sorry as the students they ‘teach’. Many probably don’t even investigate the source of the material being turned in by the students, anyway. Again, thanks for the great post.

    • Raphael

      Yes! I hate it when teachers assign the work then never get up to actually checking what people turn it. It just reinforces the system of cheating because there’s no consquences

    • Ali

      Thanks, Michael! I can’t really speak to American experience, but I agree it’s a very sad state of affairs where students think it’s reasonable to “buy” their way to a degree.

  2. jok

    Mantap Jiwa

  3. Raphael

    I don’t often comment on the site itself, so this is a marker of how important this subject is to me.
    I’ve always shaken my head at the Craigslist ads that say “We’ll inspect your essays for a fee and fix it up for you!” or “High quality essays for classes to reference!” Or the ads looking for essay writers, which are much worse.
    The ads are both super cheesy and super obvious in the U.S. If any agency actually wanted to go after the essay mills, it’d be easy to find them, but nobody actually cares that much as the U.S has a bunch of other problems.
    I’m not gonna lie, with the financial times I’ve faced I’ve briefly considered writing for some before. But I’ve never had the ability to just swallow my morals and do it, as its combining skeevy and sketchy with a favored hobby. Not something I’d ever want to combine.
    This is kinda close to home as I know of some people who probably use essay mills in college because they had the money and just spent time partying all the time. That’s not the kind of life I want to throw away time and my writing to.

    • Ali

      Thanks for taking the time to comment, Raphael! Yes, I’ve seen a lot of those extremely obvious ads. And I do sympathise with anyone who’s considered writing for them (I know a few people — all of whom I like and respect — who’ve considered it, and I can definitely understand the temptation).

      I think it’s most unfair on students who actually work hard for their grades.

  4. Corianne

    Definitely agree with you! It seems to me that some type of people would want to “cheat” through life as if it is a video game. Maybe it’s the pressure to perform/achieve good grades as well, and less about learning for some.

    I find it horrible these types of businesses exist 🙁

    • Ali

      I suspect the reasons why students buy essays are quite complex in some cases — I think there is a lot of pressure, and here in the UK, there’s speculation that the drive toward having more young people in university is resulting in people being there who don’t really enjoy it and who are perhaps especially tempted to buy essays to get through.

      It’s the essay mills themselves that I think are the real wrongdoers, though; if they didn’t exist, students couldn’t buy essays!

      The saddest thing is that a student could well get thrown out of university if they’re caught cheating … but nothing at all would happen to the essay mill.

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